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Sleep Disorders Center

Sleep disorders

There are many types of sleeping disorders, but here are four of the most common.

Sleep apnea

People with sleep apnea literally stop breathing during sleep due to a loss of muscle tone. Typically, breathing stops until oxygen levels fall low enough to alert the sleeping brain that something is wrong. A brief arousal then occurs, and breathing resumes. This cycle can repeat itself hundreds of times a night. Sleep apnea takes a toll on the heart and is often linked with high blood pressure.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLM)

In PLM, the legs or arms jerk every 20 to 60 seconds. These movements can cause dozens of brief awakenings during the night.

Insomnia

Insomnia encompasses problems falling asleep and staying asleep and early morning awakening. Because it is not a disease but a symptom, its underlying cause must be determined before it can be successfully treated. Common causes of insomnia are stress, depression or anxiety.

Narcolepsy

This is characterized by an irresistible urge to sleep regardless of the amount of sleep patients get. The exact cause is a mystery, but it is believed to be a neurological problem.

Contact information

For more information, call the Sleep Disorders Center at 513.524.5475.

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